Among others, the information presented on this website consisting of text and images can be found in the following sources. If there are any ambiguities regarding the sources or content, please contact

[1] Bishop, Mark: Okinawan Karate: Teachers, styles and secret technique. North Clarendon, Vermont: Tuttle Publishing, 1999. – ISBN 978-0-8048-3205-2

[2] Lind, Werner: Das Lexikon der Kampfküste. München: Sportverlag Berlin, 2001. – ISBN 3-328-00898-5

[3] Shoshin, Nagamine: Tales of Okinawa’s Great Masters. North Clarendon, Vermont: Tuttle Publishing, 2000. – ISBN 0-8048-2089-9

[4] Alexander, George W.: Okinawa – Island of Karate. Palm Coast, Florida: Yamazato Publications, 2015. – ISBN 978-0-963-1775-0-6

[5] Karate-Club Landstuhl e.V.: Kampfstil. Version: 2021

[6] Karate-Club Bischofsheim: Karatestil. Version: 2021

[7] Dojo Kaiserslautern: Stil. Version: 2021

[8] Wikimedia: Picture of “Choshin Chiabana”. Version: 2023

[9] Wikimedia: Karate students in front of Shuri Castle, Naha. Version: 2024

[10] Wikimedia, Andreas Quast, Picture of „Itosu Anko“., License:, Version: 2023

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